Installation

S3QL depends on several other programs and libraries that have to be installed first. The best method to satisfy these dependencies depends on your distribution.

Dependencies

The following is a list of the programs and libraries required for running S3QL. Generally, you should first check if your distribution already provides a suitable packages and only install from source if that is not the case.

  • Kernel: Linux 2.6.9 or newer or FreeBSD with FUSE4BSD. Starting with kernel 2.6.26 you will get significantly better write performance, so under Linux you should actually use 2.6.26 or newer whenever possible.

  • The psmisc utilities.

  • SQLite version 3.7.0 or newer. SQLite has to be installed as a shared library with development headers.

  • Python 3.5.0 or newer. Make sure to also install the development headers.

  • The following Python modules:

    • setuptools, version 1.0 or newer.
    • cryptography
    • defusedxml
    • apsw, version 3.7.0 or newer.
    • llfuse, any version between 1.0 (inclusive) and 2.0 (exclusive)
    • dugong, any version between 3.4 (inclusive) and 4.0 (exclusive)
    • pytest, version 3.7 or newer (optional, to run unit tests)
    • systemd (optional, for enabling systemd support). Do not install the module from PyPi, this is from a third-party developer and incompatible with the official module from the systemd developers.
    • requests (optional, required for OAuth2 authentication with Google Storage)
    • google-auth (optional, required for ADC authentication with Google Storage)
    • google-auth-oauthlib (optional, required for browser-based authentication with Google Storage)

    To check if a specific module <module> is installed, execute python3 -c 'import <module>; print(<module>.__version__)'. This will result in an ImportError if the module is not installed, and will print the installed version if the module is installed.

Installing S3QL

To build and install S3QL itself, proceed as follows:

  1. Download S3QL from https://github.com/s3ql/s3ql/releases
  2. Unpack it into a folder of your choice
  3. Run python3 setup.py build_ext --inplace to build S3QL.
  4. Run python3 -m pytest tests/ to run a self-test. If this fails, ask for help on the mailing list or report a bug in the issue tracker.

Now you have three options:

  • You can run the S3QL commands from the bin/ directory.
  • You can install S3QL system-wide for all users. To do that, you have to run sudo python3 setup.py install.
  • You can install S3QL into ~/.local by executing python3 setup.py install --user. In this case you should make sure that ~/.local/bin is in your $PATH environment variable.

Development Version

If you have checked out the unstable development version from the Mercurial repository, a bit more effort is required. You’ll also need:

  • Version 0.24 or newer of the Cython compiler.
  • Version 1.2b1 or newer of the Sphinx document processor.

With these additional dependencies installed, S3QL can be build and tested with

python3 setup.py build_cython
python3 setup.py build_ext --inplace
python3 -m pytest test

Note that when building from the Mercurial or Git repository, building and testing is done with several additional checks. This may cause compilation and/or tests to fail even though there are no problems with functionality. For example, any use of functions that are scheduled for deprecation in future Python version will cause tests to fail. If you would rather just check for functionality, you can delete the MANIFEST.in file. In that case, the build system will behave as it does for a regular release.

The HTML and PDF documentation can be generated with

python3 setup.py build_sphinx

and S3QL can be installed as usual with

python3 setup.py install [--user]

Running tests requiring remote servers

By default, tests requiring a connection to a remote storage backend are skipped. If you would like to run these tests too (which is always a good idea), you have to create additional entries in your ~/.s3ql/authinfo2 file that tell S3QL what server and credentials to use for these tests. These entries have the following form:

[<BACKEND>-test]
backend-login: <user>
backend-password: <password>
test-fs: <storage-url>

Here <BACKEND> specifies the backend that you want to test (e.g. s3, s3c, gs, or swift), <user> and <password> are the backend authentication credentials, and <storage-url> specifies the full storage URL that will be used for testing. Any existing S3QL file system in this storage URL will be destroyed during testing.

For example, to run tests that need connection to a Google Storage server, you would add something like

[gs-test]
backend-login: GOOGIGWLONT238MD7HZ4
backend-password: rmEbstjscoeunt1249oes1298gauidbs3hl
test-fs: gs://joes-gs-bucket/s3ql_tests/

On the next run of runtest.py (or py.test when using the development version), the additional tests will be run. If the tests are still skipped, you can get more information about why tests are being skipped by passing the -rs argument to runtest.py/py.test.